Hamiltonian Monte Carlo Particle Swarm Optimizer
We introduce the Hamiltonian Monte Carlo Particle Swarm Optimizer (HMC-PSO), an optimization algorithm that reaps the benefits of both Exponentially Averaged Momentum PSO and HMC sampling. The coupling of the position and velocity of each particle with Hamiltonian dynamics in the simulation allows for extensive freedom for exploration and exploitation of the search space. It also provides an excellent technique to explore highly non-convex functions while ensuring efficient sampling. We extend the method to approximate error gradients in closed form for Deep Neural Network (DNN) settings. We discuss possible methods of coupling and compare its performance to that of state-of-the-art optimizers on the Golomb's Ruler problem and Classification tasks.